Investigation of joint disease always requires extremely thorough clincal examination. Often this will provide enough information to be fairly sure of a diagnosis. However a number of ancillary diagnostic aids will help pinpoint pathology.
High quality digital radiographs (Xrays) are essential in preliminary investigation, and can be augemented by contrast techniques.
We now have the ability to look directly inside joints using miniature cameras with fibre-optic lens only millimeters wide. This procedure, known as arthroscopy, can give us valuable information about what is happening in the joint without causing damage. We can even perform a number of operative procedures within the joint using this technique.